Like other wars throughout history, the U.S. post-9/11 wars have caused millions of
people—the vast majority, civilians—to fear for their lives and flee in search of safety.
Millions have fled air strikes, bombings, artillery fire, drone attacks, gun battles, and rape.
People have fled the destruction of their homes, neighborhoods, hospitals, schools, jobs,
and local food and water sources. They have escaped forced evictions, death threats, and
large-scale ethnic cleansing set off by the U.S wars in Afghanistan and Iraq in particular.
Author(s): Vine, David, Cala Coffman, Katalina Khoury, Madison Lovasz, Helen Bush, Rachel Leduc, Jennifer Walkup
Full Title: Creating Refugees: Displacement Caused by the United States‘ Post-9/11 Wars
Publisher or Journal: Costs of War Project, Brown University
Year of Publication: 2020
Document Type: Article