Impact of Pushbacks of Migrants on Land and at Sea

The present report, submitted in accordance with Human Rights Council resolution
43/6, provides an account of the activities undertaken by the Special Rapporteur on the
human rights of migrants, Felipe González Morales, during the reporting period. It also
provides a thematic study on means to address the human rights impact of pushbacks of  migrants on land and at sea.

The practice of “pushbacks” is widespread and exists along most migration routes.
Pushbacks manifest an entrenched prejudice against migrants and demonstrate a denial of  States’ international obligations to protect the human rights of migrants at international  borders. The report provides an examination of current pushback practices and trends and an analysis of their impact on the human rights of migrants. The Special Rapporteur concludes that, in the absence of an individualized assessment for each migrant concerned and other procedural safeguards, pushbacks result in human rights violations incompatible with States’ obligations under international human rights law, in particular, the prohibition of collective expulsion and refoulement.

Author(s): Felipe González Morales

Publisher or Journal: UN Human Rights Council

Year of Publication: 2021

Document Type: Document

Link: https://undocs.org/en/A/HRC/47/30

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