This article analyses the activities of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Djibouti, and especially its capacity-building activities in the field of migration management. It ethnographically documents how these projects transform state sovereignty. It argues that this is done not only through the Djiboutian government’s increased capacity to exclude undocumented migrants, but also through the renewed governance of the entry of
national-citizens into the state territory. IOM’s projects institutionalise a state of exception (Agamben) that produces both
legitimate political authority and national citizenship in the receiving State. Such institutionalisation is finally embedded within an international mobility regime characterised by a ‘sedentarist’ narrative, targeting specifically African citizenship.
Author(s): Sabine Dini
Publisher or Journal: Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Year of Publication: 2018
Document Type: Article