Smuggling and Mixed Migration

The movement of refugees and migrants along mixed migration routes around the world is often wholly or partially facilitated by smugglers. Human smuggling has therefore been a primary focus of the Mixed Migration Centre (MMC). This paper synthesizes our key insights and sets out six key messages on smuggling, based on a decade of extensive research and expert analysis, including more than 85,000 4Mi surveys of refugees and migrants and hundreds of 4Mi surveys with smugglers.

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Author(s): MMC

Full Title: Smuggling and mixed migration. Insights and key messages from a decade of MMC research and 4Mi data collection

Publisher or Journal: MMC

Year of Publication: 2021

Document Type: Report


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