This report considers the emerging longer-term dynamics in NorthernNiger in response to the 2015 criminalisation of smuggling and the measures subsequently taken to curb northward migratory movements. It has discerned such effects on the local economy and on the perception of governance providers, who are often responsible for detecting and managing discontent.
Author(s): Johannes Claes & Anna Schmauder
Publisher or Journal: Clingendael
Year of Publication: 112020
Document Type: Report / PDF