In September 2020, the European Commission launched its New Pact on Migration and Asylum. Although it had been in the pipeline for some time, it came only weeks after Moria, one of Europe’s largest refugee camps on the Greek island of Lesbos, burned to the ground leaving over 12,000 people without shelter. To call Moria a refugee camp however is deeply misleading – more accurately Moria was a squalid, overcrowded, open air prison. While the EU, and its member states, have regularly been denounced for the appalling prison-like conditions in which asylum seekers are held inside Europe’s borders, they tend to evade criticism for their direct role and responsibility in the detention of migrants in third countries (countries outside the European Union). This report seeks to address this gap and join the dots between Europe’s outsourcing of migrant detention to third countries and the notorious conditions within the migrant detention centres. In a nutshell, Europe calls the shots on migrant detention beyond its shores but is rarely held to account for the deeply oppressive consequences, including arbitrary detention, torture, forced disappearance, violence, sexual violence, and death.
Author(s): Mark Akkermann
Full Title: Outsourcing Oppression: How Europe externalises migrant detention beyond its shores
Publisher or Journal: Transnational Institute TNI and Stop Wapenhandel
Year of Publication: 2021
Document Type: Brochure PDF