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The millions spent on military-grade tech to deter refugees




-- 2021: The millions spent on military-grade tech to deter refugees
by Kaamil Ahmed and Lorenzo Tondo, Article | read more

  The Guardian has mapped out the result of the EU’s investment: a digital wall on the harsh sea, forest and mountain frontiers, and a technological playground for military and tech companies repurposing products for new markets. The EU is central to the push towards[…]

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13. Januar 2022


Die Verschwundenen von Tripolis




-- 2021: Die Verschwundenen von Tripolis
by Ian Urbina, Report | read more

Aliou Candé gehörte zu den vielen, die hoffnungsvoll nach Europa aufbrechen und nun in Libyen inhaftiert sind. Dieser Report gibt erstmals einen Einblick in das tödliche Gefängnissystem und dokumentiert die Mitverantwortung Europas an diesem Verbrechen der Gegenwart. In den letzten sechs Jahren hat die EU –[…]

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Migrants and Refugees Trapped in Libya Face Crimes Against Humanity




-- 2021: Migrants and Refugees Trapped in Libya Face Crimes Against Humanity
by ECCHR, FIDH, LFJL, Report | read more

In Libya, migrants and refugees face a litany of gross human rights violations in an often endless cycle of violence in which they are passed from one intermediary to another. There is no shortage of reports detailing the extreme violence, degrading treatment and inhuman conditions[…]

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12. Dezember 2021


At the Polish-Belarussion Border




-- 2021: At the Polish-Belarussion Border
by Grupa Granica, Broshure / PDF | read more

The humanitarian crisis that we have been witnessing for the past three months on the Polish-Belarusian border (as well as on Belarus‘ borders with Latvia and Lithuania) is unpreced- ented in Europe. No country has ever attempted what is people smuggling on such a large[…]

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10. Dezember 2021


How Frontex uses a trick to circumvent international law




-- 2021: How Frontex uses a trick to circumvent international law
by Matthias Monroy, Article | read more

The EU is not allowed to return refugees to countries where they face persecution. In 2017, the Commission therefore set up a backdoor for refoulement to North Africa. Published text messages now reveal how Frontex is providing aerial reconnaissance for the Libyan coast guard.

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6. Dezember 2021


Migrant Smuggling in Focus




-- 2021: Migrant Smuggling in Focus
by Eurojust, Broshure / PDF | read more

2. Dezember 2021


Effectiveness of EU-funded information campaigns




-- 2021: Effectiveness of EU-funded information campaigns
by Molenaar, F. and Jucker, J., Broshure / PDF | read more

To gain further insights in the effect that information campaigns have on (prospective) migrants, this study therefore uses survey data collected among 584 respondents, comprising West African migrants, returned Malian migrants, and Malian citizens without a history of migration, while showing them the video described[…]

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Outsourcing Oppression




-- 2021: Outsourcing Oppression
by Mark Akkermann, Brochure PDF | read more

In September 2020, the European Commission launched its New Pact on Migration and Asylum. Although it had been in the pipeline for some time, it came only weeks after Moria, one of Europe’s largest refugee camps on the Greek island of Lesbos, burned to the[…]

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30. November 2021


Border Externalization to West Africa




-- 2021: Border Externalization to West Africa
by Eva Magdalena Stambøl, Blog Post | read more

Border security-building has become a main type of the Global North’s assistance and aid to countries in the Global South. While often framed as state-building, development, or humanitarian action, the main objective of border security aid is to stop unwanted/risky mobility and transnational illicit flows[…]

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Mapping Legal Struggles: Balkan Routes




-- 2021: Mapping Legal Struggles: Balkan Routes
by Border Violence Monitoring Network, Broshure / PDF | read more

The aim of the guide is to map possible legal complaint mechanisms on border human rights violations at domestic and European level for the purposes of Border Violence Monitoring Network and the network’s partners, to share experience and propose some concrete actions to take against human rights violations.[…]

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EU External Borders




-- 2021: EU External Borders
by ERCE, E-Book / PDF | read more

The objective of this paper is to critically map the current EU legal framework for deprivation of liberty and restriction on freedom of movement of migrants and asylum seekers, as well as resulting practice, and finally, to discuss the 2020 legislative proposals for EU asylum[…]

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Data Collection & Mobility Control




-- 2020: Data Collection & Mobility Control
by Migreurop, Brief / PDF | read more

  Studies on “bordering” are largely concerned with more visible technologies, such as fences, radars or drones. But recent technologies’ advantages are being generalised under the pretext of protecting exiles, providing them with a service or even reinforcing their autonomy. These supposed protections are a[…]

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24. November 2021


Land Grabbing in Africa




-- 2021: Land Grabbing in Africa
by Land Matrix, Website | read more

The Africa Regional Focal Point (RFP) of Land Matrix covers the whole of the African continent, which is the most targeted region for large-scale land acquisitions (LSLAs) in the global south. The considerable differences across Africa in terms of scale, intention, and investors suggest that[…]

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Guarding the fortress




-- 2019: Guarding the fortress
by Ruiz Benedicto, Ainhoa, Report | read more

The report focuses on 19 Frontex operations run by the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (hereafter Frontex) to explore how the agency is militarising borders and criminalising migrants, undermining fundamental rights to freedom of movement and the right to asylum. The report focuses on[…]

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UNHCR-A Surrogate State?




-- 2009: UNHCR-A Surrogate State?
by Slaughter, Amy and Jeff Crisp, Report | read more

The paper argues that humanitarian agencies in general, and UNHCR in particular, have been placed in the position of establishing and assuming responsibility for such “sprawling camps” in order to fill gaps in the international refugee regime that were not envisaged at the time of[…]

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Mauern aus Sand




-- 2021: Mauern aus Sand
by Carayol, Rémi und Laurent Gagnol, Article | read more

Die Sahara wird oft als eine riesige, grenzenlose Wüste beschrieben, eine „Grauzone“, wo der illegale Handel mit Waffen, Drogen, Zigaretten und Benzin floriert und Schmuggler, Banditen, Rebellengruppen, dschihadistische Kämpfer sowie Migrantinnen und Migranten unterwegs sind. In Wahrheit ist sie vom Atlantik bis zum Roten Meer[…]

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Libya: Evidence crimes against humanity and war crimes




-- 2021: Libya: Evidence crimes against humanity and war crimes
by OHCHR, Website | read more

GENEVA (4 October 2021) – There are reasonable grounds to believe that war crimes have been committed in Libya, while violence perpetrated in prisons and against migrants there may amount to crimes against humanity, the Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Libya says in a report published[…]

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Cross-border Movements from Burkina Faso and Mali




-- 2021: Cross-border Movements from Burkina Faso and Mali
by Ihring, Diana and Judith Meskers, Broshure / PDF | read more

This report is based on a review of existing literature and interviews with key informants, as well as some additional surveys conducted by the MMC with refugees and migrants themselves at the border between Burkina Faso and Cote d’Ivoire. Based on information available as of[…]

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Creating Refugees




-- 2020: Creating Refugees
by Vine, David, Cala Coffman, Katalina Khoury, Madison Lovasz, Helen Bush, Rachel Leduc, Jennifer Walkup, Article | read more

Like other wars throughout history, the U.S. post-9/11 wars have caused millions of people—the vast majority, civilians—to fear for their lives and flee in search of safety. Millions have fled air strikes, bombings, artillery fire, drone attacks, gun battles, and rape. People have fled the[…]

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Europe’s Quicksand War




-- 2020: Europe’s Quicksand War
by IJ4EU, Website | read more

An investigation into civilian casualties of a forgotten European conflict Year: 2020 Category: Africa, Extremism, Military, Security Country: Burkina Faso, Europe, France, Germany, Mali, Niger Travelling to Mali and trawling through documents and satellite images, the team of journalists and researchers from five countries looked[…]

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